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Pernianal Abscess

Perianal Abscess

A perianal abscess is a boil-like lump that contains pus, located near the anus, perianal region, or rectum.

Pus and discharge from a boil-like lump (akin to a pimple) near the anus is a common presenting symptom. Other symptoms include pain, bleeding and itch.

The exact cause of IBD is unknown. It may be contributed by an inappropriate immune response among genetically susceptible individuals resulting in chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. It is believed that the combination of environmental and genetic factors triggers the body’s immune system to react and to produce an inflammatory response in the digestive tract.

Environmental factors

Lifestyle and diet choices may contribute to the development of IBD, such as tobacco smoking, the presence of certain bacteria in the gut and excessive consumption of sugar, saturated fat and processed food.

Genetic factors

Both UC and Crohn’s disease have a genetic predisposition, which puts individuals at higher risk of developing IBD should there be a significant family history.A perianal abscess often occurs when bacteria or stool particles become trapped in a blocked gland located in the anus, leading to an infection of the gland.

A sizeable or large perianal abscess is best treated with formal surgical drainage, and removal of any unhealthy and non-viable tissue in the area. Antibiotics may be required to treat the infection appropriately.