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Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach is eroded or inflamed, causing discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen.

Some of the common symptoms of gastritis include upper abdominal pain, nausea and/or vomiting, bloating, heartburn or acid reflux, indigestion, dark or tarry stools.

Gastritis could be caused by the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria which infects the stomach lining. Other causes could be the regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen. Autoimmune disorders in which the immune system attacks the cells of the stomach lining, could be a cause of gastritis too.

Gastritis can be treated with antibiotics and antacids. Some lifestyle changes such as avoiding smoking and excessive drinking of alcohol can also reduce the risks of gastritis. It is important to seek the advice of a Specialist if the symptoms are severe and persistent.