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Stomach Pain and Stomach Discomfort

Stomach Pain

The term stomach pain refers to any discomfort felt in the stomach or abdomen. There are nine sectors in the stomach, which consists of the following: Right hypochondrial, Epigastric, Left hypochondrial, Right flank, Periumbilical, Left flank, Right iliac fossa, Suprapubic, and Left iliac fossa.

Generally, pain indicates a problem with an organ or disease process, with discomfort in different sectors being attributed to different organs and diseases.

Stomach discomfort is the body’s way of alerting you to an issue with an underlying organ or a disease process. Pain is usually caused by two processes: inflammation/infection and colicky abnormal intestinal contractions.

Among other intra-abdominal organs, the gallbladder, stomach, colon, and small intestine may be the source of the pain.


Overeating is when the amount of food consumed is more than what the stomach can hold. This causes pain when the stomach extends.


Gastritis refers to inflammation of lining of the stomach. This is typically brought on by excessive acid production due to stress or smoking, as well as by alcohol-induced damage to the stomach lining. Another significant contributor to gastritis is the bacteria Helicobacter Pylori.

Peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers are breaks in the lining of the stomach or duodenum. Pain from ulcers is common, and it can be very painful. Bleeding or a through-and-through perforation may arise from ulcers.


Gallstones are stones that form in the gallbladder. They typically cause bloating in the upper abdomen region after eating. The right upper abdomen is where the discomfort is felt when the gallbladder or bile ducts are inflamed.

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance refers to the inability of the body to completely break down Lactose. Lactose is found in milk and dairy products. Lactose intolerance is common in Asians and manifests as diarrhoea, abdominal bloatedness, abdominal distension and frequent passage of gas through the bottom.


Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, a deep seated organ. Alcohol or gallstones are the two main causes of pancreatitis. Other less common causes are medications and high triglyceride/cholesterol levels.


Any organ in the abdomen is susceptible to malignant growths. Cancer can cause pain by blocking, invading nearby tissues, or just by growing larger overall. Bleeding or perforation, appetite loss, and cancerous growth are also possible effects of cancer.

Stomach pain that persists and worsens calls for medical intervention. This is especially true if the pain interferes with sleeping or performing daily tasks. Among the tests used to diagnose stomach pain are CT scans, gastroscopy, and colonoscopy.