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Gastric Pain


Gastric pain usually refers to pain that is felt in the upper central part of the abomen underneath the lowest point of the sternum. This is the area that most people asscociate with ‘Gastric’ pain. Despite the use of the word ‘Pain’, there are other sensations that can be experienced in this area.

Bloatedness and Distension is often described by patients. Some will also describe it as ‘Indigestion’ or a sensation of food remaining in the stomach. Some patients may also describe a Burning sensation or a Squeezing-type pain.

Gastric pain can arise from various causes, some of which arise from the stomach and others from organs around the stomach.


Gastritis occurs when the stomach makes too much acid and the stomach lining gets weaker. Things that can cause gastritis include stress, smoking, drinking alcohol, taking certain painkillers or medicines, and a germ called Helicobacter Pylori.

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD)

GERD is connected to Gastritis and the two conditions often happen at the same time. GERD typically causes symptoms like a burning feeling in your chest (also known as heartburn) and stomach acid flowing back up into your throat and mouth.


Many people don’t know this, but the signs of gallstones can be similar to those of stomach pain. These signs can include feeling bloated, having trouble digesting food, and experiencing stomach pain. Usually, the pain caused by gallstones starts after eating a heavy or greasy meal.


Pancreatitis is a condition characterised by inflammation of the pancreas, with the two most frequent triggers being gallstones and alcohol consumption. Pancreatitis is a serious illness that may result in multiple organ failure.

Heart attack

Sometimes, cardiac pain and heart attacks may present themselves as indigestion or gastric pain. Therefore, it’s crucial to assess any sudden onset of gastric pain thoroughly to rule out any potential heart-related issues.

If you experience any intense gastric pain or pain that persists for more than a week, it’s essential to seek medical advice. Other symptoms that may accompany gastric pain, such as fever, vomiting, cold sweats, and shortness of breath, are also indicators that medical attention is necessary.

Typically, investigations for most cases of gastric pain involve a series of tests, including blood tests, an ultrasound scan of the liver and gallbladder, ECG, and Gastroscopy.