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Anorectal Prolapse

An anorectal prolapse (rectal prolapse) is a condition that occurs due to the weakening of muscles and ligaments around the rectum—the last part of your large intestine, causing the rectum to protrude out of your annual opening.

Anorectal prolapse can cause symptoms such as incontrollable bowel movement, constipation or loose stools, a pressured feeling or bulge in your anus, blood or mucus leakage, anal pain or itching.

Although the symptoms of anorectal prolapse and haemorrhoids can be similar, anorectal prolapse involves the entire segment of the bowel, which is chronic and progressive. Causes of anorectal prolapse include constant strain during bowel movements, pregnancy or ageing.

Anorectal prolapse can be treated with open or laparoscopic or surgery. In open surgery, an incision is made in the affected region, and stitches or synthetic mesh are employed to reinforce the abdominal wall. Laparoscopic surgery, a minimally invasive procedure, utilises a laparoscope to access the region through a small incision located at the belly button. This method is associated with reduced pain and a quicker recovery period in comparison to open surgery.

However, the method of surgery is dependent on one’s age, physical condition, extent of prolapse and the result of tests.